American Indians in Arizona

American Indians in Arizona

Did you know the name “Arizona” is a Uto-Aztecan Indian word? It means “little spring” in the Tohono O’odham language. The O’odham are not the only native people of this region, however.

The original inhabitants of the area that is now Arizona included:


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*The Akimel O’odham (Pima) Indians
*The Apache Indians
*The Cocopah tribe
*The Halchidhoma tribe
*The Havasupai, Yavapai, and Hualapai tribes
*The Hopi Indians
*The Jocome and Jano tribes
*The Maricopa tribe
*The Mohave tribe
*The Navajo tribe
*The Southern Paiute tribe
*The Tohono O’odham (Papago) tribe
*The Yaqui tribe
*The Yuma tribe
*The Zuni tribe

There are twenty-one federally recognized Indian tribes in Arizona today.

Here are the addresses of Arizona’s Indian reservations:

*Ak-Chin Indian Community:
Route 2, Box 27
Maricopa, AZ 85239
http://www.ak-chin.nsn.us/

*Cocopah Indian Tribe:
PO Box Bin G
15th & Ave. G
Somerton, AZ 85350
http://www.cocopah.com/

*Colorado River Indian Tribes:
Route 1, Box 23-B
Parker, AZ 85344
http://critonline.com/

*Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation:
PO Box 17779
Fountain Hills, AZ 85269
http://www.ftmcdowell.org/

*Fort Mojave Indian Tribe:
500 Merriman Ave
Needles, CA 92363
(The Fort Mojave reservation is on both sides of the Arizona-California border)
http://www.fortmojave.com/

*Fort Yuma-Quechan Tribe :
PO Box 11352
Yuma, AZ 85364

*Gila River Indian Community:
PO Box 97
Sacaton, AZ 85247
http://gric.nsn.us/

*Havasupai Tribe:
PO Box 10
Supai, AZ 86435
http://www.havasupaitribe.com/

*Hopi Tribe:
PO Box 123
Kykotsmovi, AZ 86309
http://www.hopi.nsn.us/

*Hualapai Tribe:
PO Box 179
Peach Springs, AZ 86434

*Navajo Nation:
PO Box 9000
Window Rock, Arizona 86515
http://www.navajo.org/

*Kaibab-Paiute Tribe:
HC 65 Box 2
Fredonia, AZ 86022

*Pascua Yaqui Tribe:
7474 S. Camino De Oeste
Tucson, AZ 85746
http://www.pascuayaqui.com/

*Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community:
Rte 1, Box 216
Scottsdale, AZ 85256
http://www.saltriver.pima-maricopa.nsn.us/

*San Carlos Apache Tribe:
PO Box O
San Carlos, AZ 85550
http://www.sancarlosapache.com/

*San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe:
PO Box 1989
Tuba City, AZ 86045

*Tohono O’odham Nation:
PO Box 837
Sells, AZ 85634

*Tonto Apache Tribe:
Tonto Apache Reservation #30
Payson, AZ 85541
http://www.tontoapache.com/

*White Mountain Apache Tribe:
PO Box 700
Whiteriver, AZ 85941
http://www.wmat.nsn.us/

*Yavapai-Apache Nation:
PO Box 348
Prescott, AZ 86322
http://www.yavapai-apache-nation.com/

*Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe:
530 E. Merritt Street
Prescott, AZ 86301
http://www.ypit.com/

Teaching and learning activities about Arizona Indians:

Feel free to print these out for classroom use!

*Arizona Tribes Word Search: Printable puzzle hiding the names of Arizona’s Indian tribes.
*Arizona Language Greetings: Learn to say “hello” in several Native Arizona languages.
*Arizona Native Animals: Learn the Native American names of Arizona animals.
*Arizona Indian Facts for Kids: Answers to frequently asked questions about the tribes of Arizona.
We currently have pages for the ApacheHopiNavajoMaricopa, and Mojave tribes.

Recommended books about Arizona Native Americans:

*Arizona Indian Dictionary For Kids:
Good overview of the Native Americans of Arizona.
*Arizona Indians: The People Of The Sun:
Anthropology book on the Indian tribes of Arizona.
*Meet Mindy: A Native Girl from the Southwest :
Kids’ book about Arizona Indian life featuring a young Hopi girl.
*101 Questions About Ancient Indians of the Southwest:
Photographic encyclopedia about the Native Americans of Arizona and other Southwestern states..
*An Oasis Remembered: An Indian Agency Sacaton, Arizona Pictorial & Historical Review About the Place and its People:
Memoirs of living on the Pima Indian reservation.
*Dancing Gods: Indian Ceremonials of New Mexico and Arizona:
Book about Arizona’s Native American religions and rituals.
*Traveling Indian Arizona:
Travel guide to Indian reservations and ancient ruins in Arizona.

Other resources about American Indian history, culture and society in Arizona state:

*Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs: Representing American Indians in Arizona.
*Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona: Coalition of twenty Native American tribes of Arizona.
*Arizona Native American Tribes: Map of Indian reservations in Arizona today, with a brief profile of each reservation.
*Miss Indian Arizona: Homepage of the intertribal pageant and scholarship program.
*Indians of Arizona: E-text of a 1918 book on Arizona Indian tribes.
*Arizona Archaeological Society: Homepage of an archaeology organization with information about prehistoric Arizona Indians.
*Arizona Indian Arts: Online exhibitions of Arizona Indian pottery, baskets, rugs and masks from the Arizona State Museum.
*Petroglyphs of Sedona: Photo gallery of Indian petroglyph art from Northern Arizona.

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